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Analysis of the Future Development Direction of Electrical Machinery Industry
As a kind of equipment which converts electric energy into machinery, motor is widely used in various fields. The rapid development of new energy has led to the rapid growth of the motor industry, and the development prospects of China's motor industry are broad.
As a kind of equipment to convert electric energy into machinery, motor is widely used in metallurgy, electricity, petrochemical, coal, mining, building materials, paper, municipal, water conservancy, shipbuilding, port, food processing machinery and other fields. The universality of motors is gradually developing towards specificity, which breaks the situation that the same motors were used in different load types and different use occasions in the past.
After more than 40 years of development, especially the rapid development since the reform and opening up 20 years ago, the small motor manufacturing industry has begun to develop in the direction of scale, standardization and automation, while the large and medium motor manufacturing industry has been developing in the direction of increasing single machine capacity, requiring specialization, diversification and customization. Great progress has been made. The rapid development of new energy has led to the rapid growth of the motor industry, and the development prospects of China's motor industry are broad. At the same time, high efficiency and energy saving is also the development trend of the whole industry.
I. Specialization, Specialization and Individualization
With the continuous development of motor industry, the extension and connotation of motor products are also expanding. Motor products are widely used in metallurgy, power, petrochemical, coal, mining, building materials, paper making, municipal, water conservancy, shipbuilding, port handling and other fields. The universality of motors is gradually developing towards specificity, which breaks the situation that the same motors were used in different load types and different use occasions in the past. The motor is developing in the direction of specificity, particularity and individuality. Many domestic enterprises are also transforming to specialized enterprises, such as coal mine motor plant, explosion-proof motor plant, micro-special motor plant, etc. Whether the enterprise has the adaptive ability of non-standardized customization is an important aspect to measure the future development potential of an enterprise.
2. Increasing capacity of single unit
With the gradual increase of the scale of modern industrial production, the matching production equipment is also developing towards the direction of integration, large-scale and large-scale. The power of motor driving large-scale mechanical equipment is also increasing. High voltage level, large capacity and high performance motors become the most important direction. For all kinds of large AC and DC motors used for rolling mills, power station auxiliary machines, blast furnace fans, railway traction, rail transit, ship power, pumps for drainage and irrigation, the capacity of single machine is expanding and the variety is increasing. This also urges motor manufacturers to move closer to the high-voltage large and medium-sized motor industry in order to improve their competitiveness.
3. Concentration of Resources to Advantageous Enterprises
The level of technology determines the level of profit and the number of competitors. As far as the whole motor industry is concerned, the average profit level is U-shaped distribution, and the number of competitors is U-shaped distribution. At present, the motor industry has a high degree of marketization and a large number of motor enterprises. The whole industry is in the process of integration and optimization. Micro-motor and large-scale motor (including some special motors) are at the top of the U-shaped curve because of their high technical difficulty, large initial investment and high technical threshold. Their average profit level is higher and the number of competitors is smaller. Small-power motor and small-medium-sized motor are in the middle of the U-shaped curve, and the number of competitors is larger and the average profit level is lower.